The Australian Government is one of the most powerful political entities in the world. It covers a vast area in geography and consists of a number of smaller islands and federal states. It is the fifth-most populous country in Oceania with over 13 million citizens. It also ranks fourth in the world for total population.
Much of the Australian Government is controlled by a system of check and balances known as “checks and balances” in which there are certain elements of government that are independent of the other elements. For example, the prime minister controls the government through a coalition of parties and then consists of a lower house and upper house of parliament. All other government departments and agencies are then overseen by the prime minister through the use of the House of Representatives and Senate. The head of the Department of Immigration is accountable to the immigration minister. As well, the commissioner of the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) is removable by the prime minister.
There are five elements of the Australian Government: the executive, the legislative, the judicial, the control of natural resources, and the administrative and support services. Within these elements, there are different bodies, such as the department of state, the office of the attorney general, the Australian Trade Commission, and the Australian Ombudsman. The office of the attorney general is responsible for representing the interests of the Australian public as represented by the attorney general. The statutory authorities are the department of state responsible for ensuring that the law and statutes are complied with, the natural resources board controls the production and distribution of gas and petroleum, and the control of alcohol advertisements. Lastly, the department of customs and duty office is responsible for the administration of the Excise Tariff and the Australian Consumer Tribunal is responsible for the regulation of the Pharmaceutical Benefits Schedule.
Australia has a multicultural society, which provides an excellent base for multicultural policies. Policy makers in the Australian Government realize that the country possesses numerous national and regional identities. As a result, there are numerous policies for the different entities of the Australian Government. One of these policies is the multicultural policy, which seeks to ensure that all Australian citizens enjoy equal opportunities regardless of their background or race.
The prime minister of Australia is the head of state. His power was transferred to him through the Constitution of the country, specifically the Australian constitution. The Constitution begins with ‘The Constitution of the Australian Government and includes several preambles concerning the supreme authority, the legislative and administrative branches, and the freedom of the legislature and people’. The prime minister is also responsible for the declaration of war and he acts as the leader of all ministers in the government aside from the chief of the army and the members of cabinet. In addition, he also has the power to dismiss ministers and members of the legislature who may be found to be defying the government’s policy. The prime minister also heads the committee charged with reviewing all appointments to the lower house of the parliament, while approving all cabinet appointments to the upper house.
The role of the prime minister is quite significant as it indicates the power and authority of the federal government in Australia. He is the leader of the majority in the lower house and is therefore allowed to push through legislation in the parliament. He also chairs meetings of all major groups of people in the country including unions, employer organizations, business enterprises, education institutions and other groups. He is also responsible for many constitutional changes and amendments implemented by the Australia governments including changing the Lange Valley Rail policy, introducing the Medicare system, forming the Senate, writing many speeches and making important decisions regarding the nation. As outlined above, prime minister plays a very important role in the running of the nation.